Glossary of Ingrediants used in the Recipes pg 1


List of spices, vegetables & special ingrediants used in Singapore and Nonya cooking
arranged in alphabetical order, by common English Name

green

Fruit, nut or vegetable product

.blue

Sea-food product

.violet

Commonly used spice or herb

key to colour codes

Common English Name equivalent

Malay, (Chinese) or common local name used in the Recipe

Botanical family

Scientific Name

 

Dried (unsalted) Anchovy

Ikan Bilis

 

 Dried anchovy

 

Dried Prawns or Shrimp

Udang kering picture

 

 Dried shrimp

 

Dried Red Chillies

Chillie kering picture

solanaceae

Dried Capsicum spp.

 

Fresh Red & Green chillies

Chillie picture

solanaceae

Capsicum spp.

 

Dried Sweet Bean-curd Strips

Tee Taukee or Tim Chok picture

 

 Dried sweet bean strips

 

Dried Black Tree-fungus

Bok Nee picture

 

 Dried black fungus

 

Dried Lily Buds

Kim Chiam picture

 

 Dried lily buds

 

Dried (black shitake) Mushrooms

Dried Mushrooms picture

 

 Dried mushrooms

 

Belimbing or Bilimbi

Belimbing Assampicture

oxalidaceae

Averrhoa bilimbi

 

Candle-Nut

Buah Keras picture

euphorbiaceae

Aleurites moluccana

 

Cardamon or Cardomom

Buah Pelaga picture

zingiberaceae

Elettaria cardamomum

 

Cashew Nut

Biji Gajus picture

 

Cashew nut

 

Chinese Celery

Daun Sop or Elderipicture

umbelliferae

Apium graveolens

 

Chinese Chives

Ku Chai picture

liliaceae

Allium tuberosum

 

Chinese Turnip

Beng Kuang picture

 

Chinese turnip

 

Chinese Wolfberry

Kei Cheepicture

 

Chinese wolfberry

 

Cinnamon or Cassia

Kayu manis picture

lauraceae

Cinnamomum cassia

 

Clove

Bungah chengkeh picture

myrtaceae

Eugenia caryophyllus or Syzygium aromaticum

 

Coconut Milk

Santan & Santan Pati picture

 

Coconut

 

Coriander seeds or Cilantro seeds

Ketumbar picture

umbelliferae

Coriandrum sativum

 

Coriander leaf or Cilantro

Daun Ketumbar or Wan-Sweepicture

umbelliferae

Coriandrum sativum

 

Cumin

Jintan Puteh picture

umbelliferae

Cuminum cyminum

 

Curry leaf

Daun Kari picture

rutaceae

Murraya koenigii

 

Fennel

Jintan Hitam picture

rutaceae

Foemiculum vulgare

 

Galangal

Leng Kuas or Langkwaspicture

zingiberaceae

Alipinia galanga

 

Garlic

Bawang Puteh picture

liliaceae

Allium sativum

 

Common Ginger

Halia picture

zingiberaceae

Zingiber officinale

 

Pink Torch Ginger flower-bud (phaeomaria)

Bunga Kantanpicture

zingiberaceae

Etlingera elatior

 

Gingko nuts

Peck Kway picture

 

Gingko

 

Kenchoe leaf

Daun Kenchoepicture

zingiberaceae

Kaempfera galanga

 

Keluak, Black nuts from Indonesia

Buah Keluakpicture

 

Pangium edule

 

Leaf of the Kaffir or Leprous Lime

Limau Perutpicture

rutaceae

Citrus hystrix

 

Lemon grass

Serai picture

gramineae

Cymbopogon citratus

 

Musk Limes

Limau Kesturipicture

 

Musk limes

 

Mustard seeds

Biji Sawi picture

cruciferae

Brassica junicea

 

Nutmeg

Buah Pala picture

myristicaceae

Myristica fragans

 

Dark Palm Sugar

Gula Melakapicture

 

Dark Palm Sugar

 

Pepper-corns

Biji Ladapicture or Lada hitam/puteh

piperaceae

Piper nigrum

 

Petai

Petaipicture

 

Petai

 

Polygonum, Vietnamese Coriander

Daun Kesompicture

polygonaceae

Polygonum odoratum or

Persicaria odorata

 

Pandan, Leaf of the Screw Pine

Daun Pandanpicture

pandanaceae

Pandanus amaryllifolius

 

Salted vegetable

Kiam Chyepicture

 

Salted vegetable

 

Sambal of chillie & belachan

Sambal chillie belachanpicture

 

 Sambal chillie belachan

 

Sea cucumber

Hai Sompicture

 

Sea cucumber

 

Sesame seeds

Bijian or Mua Chi (zhi ma)picture

pedaliaceae

Sesamum indicium

 

Shallot

Bawang Merahpicture

illiciaceae

Allium ascolonicum

 

Fermented dried Shrimp Paste

Belachan picture

 

fermented dried shrimp paste

 

Spring Onion

Daun Bawang or Chang Maupicture

illiciaceae

Allium fistulocum

 

Star anise or aniseed

Bungah Lawangpicture

illiciaceae

Illicium verum

 

Tamarind and "Sour-slices"

Assam picture and Assam gelugor*

leguminosae and guttiferae*

Tamarindus indica and Garcinia atroviridis*

 

Turmeric

Kunyit or yellow gingerpicture

zingiberaceae

Curcuna domestica

 

Turmeric leaf

Daun Kunyitpicture

zingiberaceae

Curcuna domestica

 

Wild Pepper leaf

Daun Kadukpicture

piperaceae

Piper sarmentosum or Piper stylosum

 

List of local fish & sea-food commonly used in Singapore and Nonya cooking

English Name equivalent

Malay or common local name used in the Recipe

usually dried (unsalted) anchovy, but may also be fresh

ikan bilis

grouper

ikan kerapu picture

wolf herring or dorab

ikan parang picture

chubb mackerel

ikan kembong picture

spanish mackerel

ikan tenggiri picture

white pomfret

ikan bawal puteh picture

small prawns or shrimp

udang kechil

large prawns

udang besar

squid

sotong

sting ray

ikan pari

gold-banded scad

ikan selar kuning picture

red snapper

ikan merah picture

 

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